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8 Classical Dance of India: Different Types of Classical Dances in India with States

8 Classical Dance of India: India has a very rich for the culture of dance and music, traditional, classical, folk, and Tribal dances style. We are going to discuss about the classical dances of India in this article.

What is the 8 Classical Dance of India?

Following are the eight classical dances of India:
  1. Bharatanatyam, from Tamil Nadu.
  2. Kathak, from Uttar Pradesh.
  3. Kathakali, from Kerala.
  4. Kuchipudi, from Andhra Pradesh.
  5. Odissi, from Odisha.
  6. Sattriya, from Assam.
  7. Manipuri, from Manipur.
  8. Mohiniyattam, from Kerala.

1. Bharatanatyam (Poetry in Motion) - Tamil Nadu:

It is a popular dance form in South-eastern parts of India, where it originated in temples. If follows the principles of the Natya Shastra (by Bharata 4000 BC), lt is a solo dance meant to be performed by women.

2. Kathakali - Kerala:

It is a dance tradition of Kerela. It originated in the courts of kings; in which a story is related through dance embodying the principles laid down in the ancient Hindu manuals of dances and dramas. The body gestures, hand movements and eye/ eyeball movements comprise its language.

3. Kathak - Uttar Pradesh:

It is a north-Indian dance purely for amusement which flourished in the princely states. Jaipur, Lucknow, and Banaras were the centers where this dance flourished. It has its roots in 'Katha', meaning story. The storytellers who were attached to the temples in North India, narrated stories about Radha and Krishna from the epic Binda Din Maharaj, Kalkadin, Achchan Maharaj, Gopi Krishana and Birju Maharaj are some of the gurus of this dance form.

4. Odissi - Odisha:

It is a variation of Bharatanatyam based on the Natya Shastra. Odissi is woven around the main Tribhanga pose typical to Indian sculpture. The name of Guru Kelucharan Mahapatra is at the forefront of the greatest of Odissi exponents.

5. Kuchipudi - Andhra Pradesh:

It is also a variation of Bharatnatyam and is a dance of the drama tradition of Andhra Pradesh. lt originated in a place called Kuchelapur. Traditionally, it is performed by men attired like women. Vedantham Satyanarayan is known as one of the greatest gurus of Kuchipudi.

6. Sattriya - Assam:

It is a dance form of the state of Assam. Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardeva forms Sattriya Nritya as a companion to the Ankiya Naat (a form of Assam one-act plays devised by him), which were usually performed in the Sattras, as Assam's religious communities are called.

7. Mohiniyattam - Kerala:

It is a classical dance that developed and remained popular in the state of Kerala, India is closely related to Bharathanatyam of Tamil Nadu,  Believed to have originated in 16th century CE, which was originally called 'Dasiyattam'. The name Mohiniyattam dance gets from the word Mohini. In Hindu mythology, Mohini is a goddess and the only female avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu. This is a popular dance form with a drama in dance, performed with subtle gestures and footwork.

8. Manipuri - Manipur:

Manipuri originated from Manipur in northeastern India. It is considered the most meaningful of all the classical dances. This dance is perfectly religious. It often portrays scenes from the life of the god Krishna. Manipuri is distinguished by smooth and graceful movements, it is generally associated with rituals and traditional festivals.

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